A lot has been written about the toll that the pandemic has taken on families, particularly the effect that a lack of childcare and in-person learning has had on children and mothers. (Spoiler: It’s not good.) But there’s another group of people for which this pandemic has been especially impactful—grandparents. Over the last year, many grandparents have had to stay away from their loved ones, while others have stepped in as emergency caretakers. Here is what the pandemic has been like for these senior family members.